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:: Volume 6, Issue 4 (Spring 2017) ::
J. Aqu. Eco. 2017, 6(4): 76-90 Back to browse issues page
Effects of branched-chain amino acid deficiency in diets on growth factors, pancreatic enzymes activity and whole body proximate of Sobaity seabream juvenile (Sparidentex hasta)
Morteza Yaghoubi * , Jasem G. Marammazi , Omid Safari , Mansour Torfi Mozanzadeh
South iran aquaculture research center
Abstract:   (874 Views)
On the current study the effects of reducing branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) in diets of Sobaity sea bream in a constant level (40%) on growth and nutritional indices, pancreatic enzymes activity, whole body chemical proximate and amino acids, was assessed. This experiment was conducted in Marine Fish Research Station of Imam Khomeini harbor during July and August of 2014. For these purposes, four different treatments in triplicate were used during 42 days in the base of feeding with semi purified diets containing crystalline amino acids. The control diet was without any deficiency, the leucine (LEU), isoleucine (ILE) and valine (VAL) diets were deficient in leucine, isoleucine, and valine respectively. According to the results, the survival rate was not affected by treatments. Growth and nutritional factors including final weight, the percentage of weight increase, specific growth rate, protein efficiency and nitrogen retention were decreased in deficient diets related to the control but feed conversion ratio increased. Crude lipid decreased in all deficient treatments that showed disorder in lipid metabolism in regards to BCAA deficiency. Leucine, isoleucine and valine content of the whole body showed no significant differences between treatments in spite of deficiency in diets that showed amino acids sparing for these three essential amino acids. Reduction in pancreatic enzyme activity showed the relations of BCAA on secretion and activities of these enzymes.
Keywords: Digestive enzymes, Body composition, Growth indices, Branch chain amino acid deficiency, Sobaity seabream
Full-Text [PDF 692 kb]   (251 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/03/5 | Accepted: 2016/08/11 | Published: 2017/08/25
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Yaghoubi M, G. Marammazi J, Safari O, Torfi Mozanzadeh M. Effects of branched-chain amino acid deficiency in diets on growth factors, pancreatic enzymes activity and whole body proximate of Sobaity seabream juvenile (Sparidentex hasta). J. Aqu. Eco.. 2017; 6 (4) :76-90
URL: http://jae.hormozgan.ac.ir/article-1-392-en.html


Volume 6, Issue 4 (Spring 2017) Back to browse issues page
نشریه علمی بوم شناسی آبزیان Journal of Aquatic Ecology
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