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:: Volume 4, Number 4 (Spring 2015) ::
J. Aqu. Eco. 2015, 4(4): 61-53 Back to browse issues page
The effects of Geno hot spring cyanobacteria on growth, survival and morphology of gill tissue in killifish Aphanius dispar in normal and long term thermal stress environments
Azam Noori Sibani, Arash Akbarzadeh *, Ahmad Noori, Paria Parto, Mohammad Asadi, Ali Reza Razi, Mehdi Mehdipour, Morteza Yousefzadi
Abstract:   (3251 Views)
A killifish species Aphanius ginaonis occurs in Geno hot spring is one of the unique fish species that could successfully survive and acclimated to the high temperature of hot springs. In this study, we investigated the effects of Geno's cyanobacteria extracts on growth, survival and morphology of gill tissue in Aphanius dispar exposed to normal temperature and long-term thermal stress. For this purpose, 228 fish divided in four treatments including control (25°C), thermal (40-37°C), cyanobacteria control and cyanobacteria thermal. Our results showed significant affects of prolonged thermal stress in all growth parameters of A. dispar. At the end of the experiment at day 44, most of the growth parameters significantly decreased compared to the control group. The results showed that growth factors, including specific growth rate (SGR), weight gain (WG) and food conversion rate (FCR) in the control and the control – cyanobacteria groups were significantly higher than those of thermal and thermal- cyanobacteria treatments (p<0.05). The survival rate of fish in control and control - cyanobacteria treatments was 100%, whereas survival rate significantly reduced in thermal and thermal - cyanobacteria treatments (p<0.05). Fish kept at 37-40 °C showed changes in gill tissue included blood congestion of primary lamellae and shortened secondary lamellae. In normal temperature, cyanobacteria caused blood congestion of primary lamellae, but in thermal stress, severe pathological changes observed. The conclusion can be drawn that at the thermal environment of hot spring, cyanobacteria extracted from Geno hot spring reduced the physiological functions of fish and could not modulate thermal tolerance in Aphanius fish.
Keywords: Cyanobacteria, Killifish, Thermal stress, Geno hot spring
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/04/20 | Accepted: 2015/04/20 | Published: 2015/04/20
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Noori Sibani A, Akbarzadeh A, Noori A, Parto P, Asadi M, Razi A R, et al . The effects of Geno hot spring cyanobacteria on growth, survival and morphology of gill tissue in killifish Aphanius dispar in normal and long term thermal stress environments. J. Aqu. Eco.. 2015; 4 (4) :61-53
URL: http://jae.hormozgan.ac.ir/article-1-168-en.html
Volume 4, Number 4 (Spring 2015) Back to browse issues page
نشریه علمی بوم شناسی آبزیان Journal of Aquatic Ecology
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